Skip to main content

Full text of "Rapid Population Growth Consequences And Policy Implications"

See other formats


TABLE 17 (Continued)
		Abortion		Abortion		Abortion
Year	Abortions	Ratio	Abortions	Ratio	Abortions	Ratio
Hungary			Yugoslavia (Slovenia)		Czechoslovakia	
	(in 1	,000's)	(inl	,000's)	(in 1	,000's)
1950	1.7	8.7				
1951	1.7	8.9				
1952	1.7	9.1				
1953	2.8	13.5			1.5	5.5
1954	16.3	72.9			2.8	10.5
1955	35.4	168.3	0.4	12.5	2.1	7.9
1956	82.5	427.9	0.8	25.4	3.1	11.8
1957	123.3	737.4	2.2	73.1	7.3	28.9
1958	145.6	919.2	4.7	166.7	61.4	261.3
1959	152.4	1,007.9	6.4	225.4	79.1	364.5
1960	162.2	1,107.2	8.2	295.0	88.3	406.4
1961	170.0	1,210.8	9.3	320.7	94.3	431.8
1962	163.7	1,258.3	9.5	327.6	89.8	412.9
1963	173.8	1,313.7	9.4	321.9	70.5	298.7
1964	184.4	1,395.9	9.4	321.9	70.7	293.2
1965	180.3	1,355.6	9.9	322.5	79.6	343.7
Source: (123).
abortion ratio have been gradual and moderate in Chile. Yet, in spite of Chile's epidemic level of abortion during the past few decades, serious efforts to legalize abortion have been made only recently. The trend for New York City, while gradual and moderate, reveals a shrinking therapeutic abortion ratio which continues to be drastically lower than that in the other areas.
Effect of Liberalization of Abortion Laws on the Birth Rate
There are various measurements by which the effect of liberalized laws can be determined. Tietze used the birth rate; Fredericksen and Brackett (124) prefer the effect on total fertility; and Muramatsu (15) used a mathematical formula to calculate the number of births which could have resulted had abortion not been practiced. It must be acknowledged that neither of these methods can unequivocally attribute the observed effect to induced abortion alone. In this overall presentation, the birth rate will be used.
Natality trends in various countries are compared in Figure 7. The lower part of the figure compares countries which liberalized their laws in the late 1940's with two countries which did not, the United States and Italy. The upper part of the figure gives a similar comparison between east European countries and the United Kingdom. From these comparisons, it becomes evident that the permissive countries have enjoyed a marked decline in their birth rate in comparison with restrictive countries. It also appears that thehe Eugenics Protection Law was liberally amended. The reader may refer to the earlier discussion for further information concerning the nature and impact of liberalized abortion laws in Japan.